Stefano Del Prato, MD is Professor of Endocrinology and Metabolism at the School of Medicine, University of Pisa and Chief of the Section of Diabetes, University Hospital of Pisa, Italy. He graduated from the University of Padova, Italy and undertook postgraduate specialization in Endocrinology and Internal Medicine. He has been Associate Professor of Medicine at the University of Texas, San Antonio, TX, USA. Professor Del Prato’s main research interests have always been the physiopathology and therapy of type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance. He is a member of many societies and associations including the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) and the American Diabetes Association. He acts as referee for numerous journals and has served on the Editorial Boards of major scientific journals in the field of diabetes and metabolism. Professor Del Prato is past Vice-President of the EASD, past Chairman of the European Foundation for the Study of Diabetes (EFSD), past President and Honorary President of the Italian Society of Diabetology, and the current president of the EASD. He also served as Chairman of the Scientific Committee of the World Diabetes Congress in Dubai, UAE, in 2011. He has published over 450 articles in peer-reviewed international journals and has been awarded several honors including the Prize of the Italian Society of Diabetology for outstanding scientific activity and the Honorary Professorship at the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredya in Lima.